The Red Series and Black Series records are separately included as one of the sub-series within RG10 (Record Group 10) at Library and Archives Canada.
RG10 itself is part of R216, the Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development fonds. [Full R216 Fond Description]
The archival records of the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs' Red Series (East of the Manitoba-Ontario border) and Black Series (west of the border) are part of Library and Archives Canada Record Group 10 (RG10 / R216). They contain invaluable primary sources mainly from the time period 1872 to 1923. Included are files, correspondence, letters, and transcripts on all aspects of Indian administration for both headquarters and the field offices.
Records have been MICROFILMED (440+ reels in Red Series / 100+ reels in Black Series) and most -- but not all (e.g., several Code 32 reels are restricted) -- are publicly available. Numerous reels have also been DIGITIZED and contents can be SEARCHED and accessed for free online using the search tools listed below.
Example Image at left from Black Series: BLOOD AGENCY - APPLICATION FOR TRANSFER OF PAPER WOMAN (WIFE OF CROWFOOT) FROM BLACKFOOT RESERVE TO BLOOD RESERVE. 1892.
The U of Lethbridge Library has BOTH the RG10 Red Series (eastern Canada; 400+ reels) and the RG10 Black Series (western Canada; 100+ reels) available on microfilm.
A handful of individual DIGITIZED microfilm reels from both series are included in the Héritage database -- see MICROFILM [DIGITIZED] section below.
A handful of individual DIGITIZED microfilm reels (e.g., non-restricted Code 90 reels) from both the Red Series and Black Series are included in the Héritage Canadiana database -- see links below. More will be added over time.
The Red and Black Series contain information pertaining to all aspects of human history, culture and language, exploration and land settlement, and resource development. They also provide documentation of the vast changes that took place in the Canadian federal government between 1872 and 1923.
Chief Michel Batise and his wife, Matachewan, 1906. [Source]